indus valley civilization essay pdf

Essay, Indian History, Civilisations, Indus Valley Civilization. The city had an elaborate drainage system, consisting of horizontal and vertical drains, street drains, soak-pits, etc. They also used fish as food. This is proved by the figure of a bronze dancing girl and terra cotta figures. — can be elaborated by generations of small-scale labor investments. Floods were a problem and appear, on more than one occasion, to have overwhelmed certain settlements. A complicating factor: No one knows which language Indus civilization people spoke; likely candidates are the Dravidian language family, the Munda, the Indo-Aryan, and Sumerian. The women were also very fashion conscious and bore fan-shaped hair dress. Certain scholars have also suggested that before perfor­ming the Puja people used to take bath in the Great Bath for their purification. We can form an idea about the dress used by the people from the various sculptures of the age. The Indus Valley has a larger geographical reach than Egypt and Mesopotamia. Its writing system remains undeciphered. From the evidence, we find three methods were used for the disposal of the dead person: Secondly, after burning the dead body the remains of the dead body were buried under earth. ], which result not from slavery but rather the accumulated labor of many generations of people. They cultivated wheat, bailey rice and bred cattle sheep, fish and poultry for food. Thus we find that the people of Indus Valley civilization attached great signifi­cance to the bath like the Hindus. The Indus civilization’s penchant for urban planning is evident in the larger settlements and cities. The Indus Valley Civilization In 2300 B. C. the Indus Valley Civilization began developing itself into two large areas which ran along the river valleys of the Indus, Ravi and Sutlej. The various figurines and amulets also show their art at great height. Treatment of Personhood and Mental Illness essay, Civilization and its Discontents By Sigmund Freud essay. It was wetter, too. But nearly as suddenly as the civilization emerged, it declined and disappeared. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India (see map). It was part of a larger, mythological narrative that was used to legitimate the English colonization of the “weak” and “dark” peoples of India. We are in the realm of conjecture. At least, one thing, is quite clear that the iconic and an iconic cults existed side by side. Introduction to Indus Valley Civilisation 2. It extended from the upper Sutlej to the Gulf of Camba in the South and from Makran coast of the Arabian Sea in the west to the Jamuna-Ganges coun­try in the east. Still, it is possible that longer texts were written in perishable media. Both of these sources give us valuable information about the lifestyle of ancient Harappans, but they still do not answer all of our questions. Three documents – Jonathan Kenoyer’s article in Scientific American, Ian Glover’s “Old World Civilizations,” and Alfred Fairservis’s work in Facts on File – provide the necessary details to get a better idea of the Indus Civilization. But this fact alone may not have been sufficient to bring down the Indus civilization. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Difference between Indus Valley Civilization and Vedic Civilization, Indus Valley Civilisation: Origin, Evolution and Characteristics, 7 Main Types of Ethnological Groups in India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. It has now been established beyond all doubts that India possessed one of the advanced civilisation at a time when the English people were still living in the jungle age. It appears that the State exercised strict control over weights and measures. In the 1920s, a huge discovery in South Asia proved that Egypt and Mesopotamia were not the only "early civilizations." Most of the civilization’s settlements were situated along the equally massive Ghaggar-Hakra river system, which is now largely extinct. What time period and where was the Indus Valley Civilization? The people of the Indus Valley did not make much progress in the field of fine arts and crafts. This young woman has an air of lively pertness quite unlike anything in the work of other ancient civilizations. Vertical drain pipes suggest that bath rooms were constructed in upper storeys also. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. The Indus Valley civilization extended over a large region of present-day Pakistan and western India. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Morever, there is one, small piece of evidence suggesting that the script embodies a well-known, widespread, and complex communication system. By 4000 BC, a distinctive, regional culture, called pre-Harappan, had emerged in this area. The water of the bath-room would pass to the latrine which was generally situated between bath-room and the outer wall of the house. They could have been shared cultures or religious similarities that brought the great cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa to life. Men kept various types of beards and whiskers. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! to about 1500 B.C. This has been proved by the representation of a boat on a seal. Fairservis also thinks, based on what he was able to decipher from the text, that there was a class system in the Indus civilization: he says that there was a series of small chiefdoms, each with its own hierarchy. Certain animals and birds still regarded as the vehicles or vahana of certain deities. ], Ganeriwala[? As regards the dresses no actual specimens of clothing have fallen into the hands of the excavators and we have to make conjectures about their dress from the various figures. The Harappans had plumbing, two-story building, public baths, and many more things such as pottery and tools that showed amazing design and skill. Refugees would have flooded the other cities. The Indus Valley Civilization is a very old, very mysterious civilization that not much is known about. Their seals depict animals in a way that seems to suggest veneration, perhaps presaging Hindu convictions regarding the sacredness of cattle. Various objects of head dressing like ivory combs, bronze mirrors have been discovered. The civilization itself was geographically located along the Indus River in present-day Pakistan and India.

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