zacatecas city map

In the Shadow of the Giant: The Americanization of Modern Mexico, Rutgers University Press, 2009. [12], From 1998 to 2004, the state undertook a major project to expand the highway system. [16], Much of the state's colonial history to the present has been related to its mineral production, especially of silver. It was reopened as a tourist attraction in 1975. Another, Pedro Almindes Chirinos Peralmindes, went to explore the lands to the north, taking Zacatecas with little trouble but not knowing of the riches underneath the soil. [16], Zacatecas's economy used to be almost completely centered on mining but has since diversified into cattle raising, agriculture, communications, food processing, tourism and transportation. Average life expectancy is slightly above the national average at 74.1 years for men and 78.5 for women. "[12][16], Before the arrival of the Spanish, dominant ethnic groups included the Caxcans, Zacatecos, and Guachichils, with a probable rivalry between the Guachichils and the Caxcans. Shortly after Independence, the Mexican government established the city of Zacatecas as the capital of the newly formed state of Zacatecas. [6][9] These hills are starkly barren of vegetation, due to the semi-desert climate. This is possible due to the lack of regulation and urban planning by authorities. [16], One of the mansions that line the main plaza is called the "Palacio de la Mala Noche", which belonged to a miner named José Manuel de Rétegui in the 18th century. The rebels sacked the city and destroyed a number of buildings. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Zacatecas, ZAC. [15], This city, along with Guanajuato and Taxco are along a route called the "Ruta de la Plata" or Silver Route. Tenamextle, also known as Francisco Tenamaztle and Diego the Aztec, "Senadores por Zacatecas LXI Legislatura", "Listado de Diputados por Grupo Parlamentario del Estado de Zacatecas", "Reporte: Jueves 3 de Junio del 2010. He was able to continue the work for twenty-one years, being watched constantly by custodians and sentries while he worked. The Hotel Quinta Real was built by Mexicans Ricardo and Roberto Elías Pessah and contains 49 suites. The staging occurs at El Bracho Park, behind the Cerro de la Bufa and ends with the decapitation of Mohamed. This event lasts for ten days with traditional dances, processions and more. [9] Despite the fact that there is still a significant amount of minerals left to extract, mining operations ceased in 1960, because the entrance is located in the middle of the city making this too hazardous. A second church was built between 1612 and 1625 and was called the Chapel of Santo Cristo. [3] The museum also contains an important collection of medals and 25,000 volumes which made up the libraries of the old convents (including 15,000 from Our Lady of Guadalupe alone). [9] According to legend the devil is supposed to be found in this parts due to the sound made when the wind whistles around the rocks. Near this chain is another called the Sierra de Órganos. On Good Friday, a large procession called the "Procession of Silence" is held. The warmest month is June. In 1540, Nuño de Guzmán traveled from Mexico City conquering what are now the states of Michoacán and Jalisco. A big city usually has a population of at least 200,000 and you can often fly into a major airport. [15] It includes permanent workshop space for etching, an auditorium and exhibition halls. The site is noted for its pit burials as well as the oldest copper smelting facility in Mesoamerica[citation needed]. [36], El Teúl is on a large hill overlooking the modern town of Teúl de González Ortega (municipality). In 1882, it was sold again, this time to the American Presbyterian Society, which demolished the main façade because it did not represent the concepts of that society. [21] The main altar is dedicated to the Eucharist with side altars dedicated to the Holy Christ and the Virgin of Zacatecas. [2], The anniversary of the city had been celebrated on the day of the Virgin of Zapopan, who was the patron until 1975. ... Zacatecas Vacation Packages Flights to Zacatecas Things to Do in Zacatecas Zacatecas Travel Forum Zacatecas Photos Zacatecas Map Zacatecas Travel Guide. [5] The donkey is often painted or otherwise decorated. [12][20] Fifty-nine percent of the population lives in urban areas such as Fresnillo (pop. This desert is home to a large amount of cacti and is one of the most ecologically diverse deserts on earth. The state of Zacatecas is in the region of North Mexico, along with the states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Durango and Aguascalientes. [2], The first railroad connecting Zacatecas with Guadalupe was completed in 1880. 14% is arable and 79% is suitable for the grazing of livestock. This map gives a detailed information of the streets, lanes and neighborhoods of Zacatecas. [16][18] There are also restaurants which offer regional dishes such as gorditas, asado de boda, pozole verde, pacholes, gorditas rellenas and enchiladas zacatecanas, filled with pork or cheese and covered in a sauce made with poblano, guajillo or ancho chili peppers. Zacatecas, the capital of the state of the same name, is a city in the Bajío in Mexico. Cierre del peso mexicano", "Early Silver Mining in New Spain 1531-1555", "The Hispanic Experience - Indigenous Identity in Mexico", "Zacatecas y Sonora brillan con impuestos", University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries, Portal with News and Information about Zacatecas, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zacatecas&oldid=982383141, States and territories established in 1823, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 20:02. [2] The success of the mines led to the arrival of indigenous people and the importation of black slaves to work in them. [9][29] The state is rich in mineral wealth include lead, zinc and copper with small quantities of gold and silver, along with non-metal mineral deposits such as kaolinite, wollastonite, fluorite and barite. Learn how to create your own. 2 hours or Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. [12][16], The state's history during the rest of the 19th century was tumultuous, as it was in the rest of the country. [13] It contained European paintings and elaborate silverwork and goldwork until the 1850s and ’60s, when most of them were confiscated by reformists. Forty-one percent of the population lives in rural areas, with a population density of 18.13 per square kilometer. [15] Like other mining cities in Mexico, such as Guanajuato and Taxco, the city was built near the mines on very rough terrain. [16] The Meson de Jobito is a 19th-century building which is part of the garden dedicated to Benito Juárez. This event involves approximately 5,000 people in costume who commemorate the decapitation of John the Baptist and the struggle of Christians against the Moors, with the principal players representing Charlemagne, Mohamed and John the Baptist. [12], Most of the territory has a cool, dry climate, although areas in the south have more moisture, with most rain falling between June and September. [18] The Churringueresque altars are attributed to Felipe de Ureña and his son-in-law, Juan García de Castañeda. [15] The Mauricio Magdaleno Public Library is in a 19th-century building which served as the granary. [16], Between Cerro de la Bufa and Cerro del Grillo is an aerial tramway or cable car that provides panoramic views of the city below. They are most commonly held at the end of the school year, but no reason is needed to hold one. [2], A military mining camp was formally established in 1548 and called Minas de Nuestra Señora de Remedios. Other expeditions followed, including one by Juan de Tolosa in 1546, who brought back rock samples from Cerro de la Bufa, which were determined to contain high concentrations of silver and lead. [16] The riches drew settlers from the south, and in 1586, Phillip II gave the city the name of Noble and Loyal City of Nuestra Señora de los Zacatecas. [20] The Church of Nuestra Señora de Fátima is an example of the relatively rare Gothic architecture in Mexico. [15], During the Mexican War of Independence, Miguel Hidalgo's troops marched through Zacatecas twice, once when they were attacking royalist troops and later when fleeing them. [17] The current museum was inaugurated in 1998. area, 250,113. Corrections? During the winter of 2017–2018, Zacatecas municipality reached temperatures that haven't been reached in several years as 10 °F or −12 °C with a wind chill of 3 °F or −16 °C, although the coldest temperature occurred in Fresnillo which its another city close to Zacatecas city, where the mercury dropped to 3 °F or −15 °C with a wind chill of −2 °F or −20 °C.

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